According to the U.S. Department of Education "School districts are required to provide a free appropriate education to students with disabilities based on their individualized educational needs. The services may include special education and related aids and services such as physical therapy, as well as modifications to the regular education program including adjustments in test taking procedures and adjustments to rules regarding absences when a student's absences are due to a disability." If a teacher notices that this is not the case for a specific student, then they should make an appropriate intervention by notifying their principal and school system so that appropriate resources can be provided for their student.
As with most students with disabilities, the classroom accommodations for students with orthopedic impairments will vary dependent on the individual needs of the student. Since many students with orthopedic impairments have no cognitive impairments, the general educator and special educator should collaborate to include the student in the general curriculum as much as possible.
In order for the student to access the general curriculum, the student may require these accommodations:
Special seating arrangements to develop useful posture and movements
Instruction focused on development of gross and fine motor skills
Securing suitable augmentative communication and other assistive devices
Awareness of medical condition and its affect on the student (such as getting tired quickly)
Where the majority of students with orthopedic impairments are concerned it is a matter of focusing on needed accommodations in the academic environment. As with many students with disabilities, classroom accommodations for students with orthopedic impairments vary depending on the individual and their particular needs. Because the majority of students with orthopedic impairments do not experience cognitive disabilities as well, an educator should collaborate with the student in relation to their curriculum as much as possible or needed.
Because of the multi-faceted nature of orthopedic impairments, other specialists may be involved in developing and implementing an appropriate educational program for the student. These specialists can include:
Physical Therapists who work on gross motor skills (focusing on the legs, back, neck and torso)
Occupational Therapists who work on fine motor skills (focusing on the arms and hands as well as daily living activities such as dressing and bathing)
Speech-Language Pathologists who work with the student on problems with speech and language
Adapted Physical Education Teachers, who are specially trained PE teachers who work along with the OT and PT to develop an exercise program to help students with disabilities
Other Therapists (Massage Therapists, Music Therapists, etc.)
The National Association of Special Education Resources or NASET has a teacher to teacher forum that provides teachers with to connect with other educators in the special education community: http://www.naset.org/544.0.html#c770
The U.S. department of Education offers essential and crucial knowledge for teachers to know concerning laws and rights of students in the classroom. This website navigates the legal requirements for students with disabilities to have the most fulfilling education available. This part of the website connects direction to students with disabilities and outlines several resources available. http://www2.ed.gov/parents/needs/speced/edpicks.jhtml